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Lebanon Quick Info | CNN

Lebanon gained independence from France in 1943. Located on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea between Israel and Syria, the country is one of the smallest in the Middle East by area.

2021-07-22 21:45:04


Here’s a take a look at Lebanon, a Center Jap nation bordering Syria, Israel and the Mediterranean Sea.

(from the CIA World Factbook)
Space: 10,400 sq km (barely bigger than Connecticut)

Inhabitants: 5,261,372 (July 2021 est.)

Median age: 33.7 years

Capital: Beirut

Ethnic teams: Arab 95%, Armenian 4%, different 1%

Faith: Muslim 61.1%, Christian 33.7%, Druze 5.2% (2018 est.)

1918 – After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, France good points management of the realm that includes modern-day Lebanon.

November 22, 1943 – Lebanon proclaims independence.

1948-1975 – A lot of Palestinian refugees settle in Lebanon after the creation of Israel in Could 1948. The frequent clashes between Israeli forces and Palestinian fighters unsettle the nation. Additionally at occasions, the Lebanese military fights battles in opposition to the Palestinians, inflicting additional unrest.

July-October 1958 – US forces assist to manage civil unrest.

1975 – Civil struggle breaks out.

1976 – On the invitation of the Lebanese authorities, Syria sends troops, known as the Arab Deterrent Power, to assist finish the civil struggle.

March 1978 – Israel invades Lebanon and occupies an space within the south. After protest from the United Nations, Israel withdraws, however creates a “safety zone” within the south of the nation, administered by the Military of South Lebanon.

June 1982 – Israel invades Lebanon to assault Palestine Liberation Group targets.

August 1982 – Bashir Gemayel is elected president. Nonetheless, he’s assassinated on September 14. His brother, Amin Gemayel, replaces him as president on September 23.

September 15-18, 1982 – Lots of of Palestinian refugees are killed in a refugee camp in Beirut. The murders are dedicated by Lebanese militia members however Israel is accused of complicity.

April 18, 1983 – The US Embassy in Beirut is bombed, killing 63.

October 23, 1983 – The French and US headquarters of a multinational peacekeeping drive is bombed, killing 241 People and roughly 40 French troopers.

February 1984 – The Lebanese Military almost collapses because of defections of Muslim and Druze troopers.

February 26, 1984 – US troops start withdrawing from Lebanon.

1988 – Gemayel steps down as president, though he has no successor. He appoints Basic Michel Aoun, a Christian, interim prime minister. Nonetheless, the present prime minister Salim al-Hoss, a Muslim, doesn’t depart workplace. The federal government then turns into divided into Christian and Muslim factions.

1989 – Parliament meets in Saudi Arabia and creates the Taif settlement to finish the civil struggle.

November 1989 – René Moawad is elected president. Aoun rejects the election of Moawad and the Taif settlement. Moawad is assassinated in November and changed by Elias Hrawi, who names Hoss prime minister and fires Aoun as military commander.

1991 – All militias, except Hezbollah, are disbanded.

1991 – Lebanon participates within the Madrid peace talks between Israel and its Arab neighbors.

1998 – Basic Émile Lahoud turns into president.

Could 2000 – Israel withdraws its forces from the south.

February 14, 2005 – Former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri and 21 others are killed by a automobile bomb in Beirut.

April 26, 2005 – Syria withdraws troops from Lebanon after 29 years of army intervention.

July-August 2006 – Hezbollah guerrillas kidnap two Israeli troopers. Ehud “Udi” Goldwasser and Eldad Regev, throughout an assault alongside Israel’s border with Lebanon. Israel sends floor troops into Lebanon and launches air strikes for the primary time since its 2000 pullout.
Demise toll: (sources range)
– Lebanese: roughly 850 to 1,190 civilians and combatants killed, 4,409 wounded.
– Israeli: roughly 44 civilians killed, 119 troopers killed, greater than 1,000 wounded.

November 21, 2006 – Minister of Trade Pierre Gemayel, son of former President Amin Gemayel, is shot and killed whereas driving although Beirut.

June 13, 2007 – Anti-Syrian lawmaker Walid Eido, together with 9 different individuals, is killed in an explosion. Eido was a vocal supporter of a UN investigation into Hariri’s assassination and was a member of a political bloc led by Hariri’s son, Saad Hariri.

November 24, 2007 – Earlier than leaving workplace, Lahoud declares a state of emergency and fingers safety over to the army. The emptiness left by Lahoud shall be stuffed by Prime Minister Fouad Siniora till a brand new president might be elected.

Could 6, 2008 – The federal government declares plans to close down Hezbollah’s personal telecommunications community, calling it a menace to state safety.

Could 8, 2008 – The chief of Hezbollah, Hassan Nasrallah, says the plan to close down his group’s telecommunications system quantities to “a declaration of open struggle.” Gun battles erupt within the streets of Beirut between Hezbollah supporters and authorities forces.

Could 25, 2008 – Military Basic Michel Sleiman is elected as the brand new president by parliament.

June 7, 2009 – Parliamentary elections are held. Lebanon’s pro-Western block, the “March 14” coalition, wins 71 seats, and the Hezbollah-dominated “March 8” alliance wins 57 seats.

June 27, 2009 – Sleiman appoints Saad Hariri because the nation’s new prime minister.

November 9, 2009 – After 5 months of deliberations, Hariri declares the formation of a cupboard, comprised of members of Hariri’s celebration and members of Hezbollah.

January 12, 2011 – Eleven Hezbollah members of Hariri’s cupboard resign, inflicting his coalition authorities to break down.

January 17, 2011 – The UN-backed Particular Tribunal for Lebanon fingers down indictments within the 2005 assassination of Rafik Hariri. The main points of the indictments are being saved secret by the Worldwide Courtroom of Justice within the Netherlands so as to not provoke violence within the nation.

January 25, 2011 – Sleiman appoints Najib Mikati as prime minister.

March 2011-present – Lots of of 1000’s of refugees from Syria’s civil struggle flood Lebanon.

June 13, 2011 – Mikati declares the formation of a brand new authorities.

July 8, 2011 – Choose Daniel Fransen with the Particular Tribunal points arrest warrants for suspects within the assassination of Rafik Hariri.

July 29, 2011 – The Particular Tribunal lifts a confidentiality order and divulges the names of individuals sought in Rafik Hariri’s assassination. They’re: Salim Jamil Ayyash, Hassan Habib Merhi, Hussein Hassan Oneissi and Assad Hassan Sabra.

November 29-30, 2011 – Rockets are fired from Lebanon into Israel for the primary time in additional than two years. Israel retaliates with artillery fireplace into Lebanon. No accidents are claimed on both facet.

December 9/11, 2011 – A roadside bomb hits a UN automobile in Lebanon wounding 5 French peacekeepers and a Lebanese civilian. Two days later, a rocket is fired from Lebanon geared toward Israel. The rocket falls quick and wounds a Lebanese lady.

October 19, 2012 – Brigadier Basic Wissam al-Hassan and two others are killed in a automobile bomb explosion in Beirut. Hassan was the chief of the Inner Safety Forces Info Department and opposed the Syrian authorities of Bashar al-Assad.

March 22, 2013 – Mikati declares the resignation of his authorities after disputes over parliamentary elections.

April 6, 2013 – Tammam Salam is designated to change into the brand new prime minister.

February 15, 2014 – A brand new authorities is introduced with Salam because the prime minister.

August 22-23, 2015 – Lengthy-simmering weariness over authorities dysfunction reaches a boiling level when violent clashes erupt due to rubbish going uncollected in Beirut. A spokesman for the Lebanese Safety Forces says Lebanese military models had been deployed. Purple Cross Lebanon says about 400 individuals had been injured within the chaos.

August 30, 2015 – Lebanese military models are deployed in Beirut following violent road protests over rubbish that hasn’t been collected.

November 12, 2015 – Two suicide bombings in southern Beirut kill at the very least 43 individuals. A would-be suicide bomber who survived the assault tells investigators he’s an ISIS recruit. He says he and three different attackers got here from Syria two days earlier, based on a Lebanese safety supply.

June 27, 2016 – Six individuals are killed and 19 others are wounded in a collection of suicide assaults in a primarily Christian space of northern Lebanon, near the border with Syria.

October 31, 2016 – Parliament elects Hezbollah-backed Aoun as president.

November 3, 2016 – Aoun appoints Saad Hariri to be prime minister. Hariri beforehand served as prime minister from 2009 to 2011.

August 16, 2017 – Parliament votes to repeal a clause that lets rapists keep away from punishment in the event that they marry their victims, based on the nation’s official information company. This follows strikes by Jordan and Tunisia, which annulled their “marry-the-rapist” legal guidelines inside the final month.

August 27, 2017 – Lebanon’s military and Hezbollah droop their battle in opposition to ISIS, based on official bulletins made on social media. That is the primary such deal ISIS has made with an adversary. It results in round 600 ISIS fighters leaving Lebanon and the Lebanese military acquiring details about 9 troopers being held by the phobia group.

November 4, 2017 – Hariri resigns in a televised tackle whereas in Saudi Arabia, saying he fears an assassination plot and accusing Iran and Hezbollah of meddling within the area.

November 21, 2017 – Hariri declares he has accepted Aoun’s want for him to droop his resignation to permit for extra consultations on the explanations behind the transfer.

December 5, 2017 – Hariri rescinds his resignation in any case factions of the Lebanese authorities – together with Hezbollah, with whom he shares energy – agree to remain out of regional conflicts, based on his press workplace.

December 13, 2017 – US Ambassador to Lebanon Elizabeth Richard declares that the United States will present Lebanon with a bundle of army support valued at greater than $120 million.

Could 6, 2018 – The primary parliamentary elections in 9 years are held. Fewer than half of registered voters prove to forged ballots, based on the inside minister.

Could 24, 2018 – Aoun declares that Hariri has received a 3rd time period as prime minister, having obtained backing from 111 politicians within the 128-seat parliament.

January 31, 2019 – Hariri declares {that a} new authorities has been fashioned after months of delays.

September 16, 2019 – The Particular Tribunal declares new fees in opposition to Ayyash, one of many people indicted for the 2005 assassination of Rafik Hariri. The brand new fees pertain to a collection of three lethal assaults on politicians in 2004 and 2005.

October 17, 2019 – A wave of huge protests begins in response to the announcement of austerity measures together with a tax on WhatsApp calls. The federal government withdraws its tax proposal quickly after the protests begin.

October 21, 2019 – Hariri delivers a speech about financial reforms, together with the scrapping of the austerity measures that prompted the protests. He additionally declares that his personal wage shall be minimize. “To the protesters I say these might not fulfill your calls for, however they fulfill mine,” says Hariri. “I’m not asking you to cease protesting. It’s a call so that you can make.”

October 29, 2019 – Hariri declares that he’ll step down.

October 30, 2019 – Aoun asks Hariri to remain on in a caretaker position till a brand new authorities is fashioned. Aoun says the protests have paved the way in which for reforms and declares the nation can have a “clear authorities.”

January 21, 2020 – A brand new authorities is fashioned. Hassan Diab, a professor and former training minister, is known as prime minister. He’s appointed with the backing of Hezbollah, its allies, and the Free Patriotic Motion, a Christian political celebration.

August 4, 2020 – An enormous explosion rips by means of central Beirut, killing greater than 170 individuals and injuring 1000’s. The blast, which broken or destroyed a lot of the Lebanese capital, is linked to a long-neglected stash of doubtless explosive chemical substances.

August 10, 2020 – Lebanon’s authorities steps down, lower than per week after the explosion in Beirut which sparked days of violent protests. Diab addresses the nation, saying his resignation and that of his authorities within the wake of the blast, which he known as a “catastrophe past measure.”

October 22, 2020 – Hariri is named prime minister-designate.

July 15, 2021 – Hariri steps down after his proposal for a brand new cupboard shouldn’t be accepted by President Michel Aoun.

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