COVID-19: Solely 0.005% of coronavirus deaths have been kids – so vaccine must be ‘very low threat’

A child is given the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine in the US. Pic: AP

2021-07-09 03:14:00

The possibilities of kids dying from coronavirus are so low that vaccines would should be confirmed to be “very low threat” earlier than they got jabs, based on youngster well being consultants.

Their warning follows analysis that exhibits solely 25 kids and younger individuals in England died from COVID-19 in the course of the first 12 months of the pandemic – simply 0.005% of those that have been contaminated with the virus.

Nineteen of the deaths have been in kids with an underlying well being situation, with complicated neurodisability accounting for 13 of them, based on outcomes from three research carried out by teachers from universities across the nation.

Dr Elizabeth Whittaker, one of many researchers and a guide in paediatric infectious ailments at Imperial Faculty London, stated: “This information would recommend you need to have a really low threat of the vaccine to justify giving it to all wholesome kids.”

The Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI) is presently contemplating whether or not the coronavirus vaccine rollout needs to be prolonged to incorporate kids as younger as 12.

These in favour argue that it will cut back the variety of kids being compelled to overlook college due to the virus. It could additionally cut back transmission to older, extra susceptible individuals.

However there have been 572 stories of myocarditis, an irritation of the center muscle, following three million doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine within the US.

Younger males appear to be at barely larger threat, however the results have largely been non permanent.

“You are able to do the maths,” stated Dr Whittaker. “It is a very low threat and it is self-limiting.”

“The CDC [US Centers for Disease Prevention and Control] and the World Well being Group [WHO] are doing an investigation to discover what number of of these younger individuals wanted essential care or immune-modulating remedy.

“That info continues to be pending and I think the JCVI are ready for that information to return by.”

The brand new analysis, probably the most complete of its type, seemed in-depth at kids and younger individuals in England who have been admitted to hospital or died following a constructive COVID check within the 12 months to February 2021.

Over that interval 5,830 of round 3.6 million under-18s who examined constructive have been admitted to hospital, with 61 of them dying.

Solely 25 of them died as a direct results of the virus.

The remaining died from different circumstances unrelated to the an infection.

The analysis has but to be printed in a peer-reviewed medical journal, however it’s accessible as a pre-print on the ResearchSquare server.

Dr Whittaker stated: “It’s reassuring that these findings replicate our medical expertise in hospital – we see only a few critically unwell kids.

“Though this information covers as much as February 2021, this hasn’t modified just lately with the Delta variant.

“We hope this information will probably be reassuring for kids and younger individuals and their households.”

The researchers have been ready to make use of the info to calculate the danger of dying.

For wholesome kids and younger individuals it was one in 1.6 million.

However for these with an underlying well being situation it was between one in 100,000 and one in 158,000.

Kids with a neurodisability have been at highest threat of dying – one in 1,125.

The researchers have given their information to the vaccination consultants on the JCVI, in addition to the Division of Well being and the WHO.

Russell Viner, professor of kid and adolescent well being at College Faculty London, stated the vaccine can already be given to kids with a neurodisability, however the JCVI might select to roll it out to these with different underlying well being circumstances.

“They’ve a barely elevated threat so that’s one choice for the JCVI. They may decide and select specific teams.

“It is about having sufficient vaccinations and ready for the protection information.”

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