Thiruvananthapuram: The loss of life of Vismaya V. Nair, a closing yr scholar of Ayurvedic medication, who was discovered hanging at her in-law’s dwelling in Kollam this week, has thrown the highlight on the problem of dowry within the state.
It has been alleged that Vismaya’s husband, Kiran Kumar S., an worker on the Motor Automobile Division in Kerala, had been bodily abusing her asking for extra dowry.
Vismaya married Kiran final yr, and her dad and mom gave 800 grams of gold, 1.25 acres of land and a automotive price Rs1 million.
Nevertheless, messages despatched by Vismaya to a relative reveals that she was bodily abused regularly by Kiran as he was sad with the automotive gifted to him, and was asking for cash as a substitute of the automotive.
Boots on face
Vismaya’s messages reveal that Kiran used to tug her hair and stamp her face together with his boots.
The images she shared together with her cousin present accidents on her face, shoulder, and fingers. The messages stated the assaults had been frequent.
“Streedhan” (“Stree” which means girl and “dhan” wealth), within the type of cash, property or presents, was given solely to the lady by her dad and mom on the time of her marriage. It was an inheritance meant to solely belong to the lady on the time of her marriage.
Nevertheless, over time the customized of offering a security web for the lady was abused to turn into a price ticket for the groom.
A couple of months in the past, Kiran hit Vismaya in entrance of her dad and mom, following which the household took him to the police station. Nevertheless, the police reportedly insisted on a compromise.
Although Vismaya stayed in her home after this incident, Kiran took her again three months in the past, and he or she was stopped from contacting her father and brother after that.
On Tuesday, the police recorded the arrest of Kiran Kumar in reference to Vismaya’s loss of life. The police stated that he might be booked on prices of home violence.
instances recorded by Kerala Police below cruelty by husbands and family members in 2020
Charging of different instances might be thought of after Vismaya’s autopsy report is obtained, they stated.
Based on media reviews, Kiran had admitted that he used to beat Vismaya and the accidents seen within the images she despatched to her household had been inflicted by him.
Kerala Girls’s Fee
Involved over the rise in home violence towards girls and dowry deaths, Kerala Girls’s Fee members stated that plans to battle home violence and re-educate dad and mom on the ills of the dowry system might be initiated urgently.
Speaking to Gulf Information, Advocate Shiji Sivaji, one of many members of Kerala Girls’s Fee, a statutory physique constituted below Part 5 of The Kerala Girls’s Fee Act 1990, stated that “following the homicide of 25-year-old Uthara Vijayasenan in Could 2020, we had realised the gravity of home violence within the identify of dowry and had chalked out plans to battle it out.”
“Now once more since yesterday extra instances are being reported from southern Kerala. So, it appears like we’ve got to work on a battle footing. We are going to revive our earlier discussions and with the assistance of the Kerala authorities come out with a workable plan,” Sivaji stated.
Latest dowry instances
2019: Thushara starved for 2 years
Thushara, a 27-year outdated girl was allegedly starved for 2 years earlier than she died on March 21, 2019, in Kollam district of Kerala. Her dad and mom had been unable to pay Rs200,000 dowry that the in-laws demanded. The mom of two weighed solely 20 kg on the time of her loss of life, native media reported.
She was allegedly locked up in a room and compelled to eat solely soaked rice and sugar syrup for a number of days by her husband and mother-in-law over dowry. Within the six years of her marriage to Chandulal, Thushara was allowed to fulfill her dad and mom solely 3 times, it was reported. She died at a authorities hospital in Kollam. Each culprits had been arrested.
2020: Uthara bitten by a snake
Uthra was a differently-abled younger homemaker, who had been married for 2 years, and was the mom of a one-year-old son, in Kollam.
She succumbed to a snake chew on Could 7, 2020. Her husband Sooraj Kumar allegedly launched a snake in her room fearing that he is likely to be pressured to offer again the dowry as Uthara was looking for a divorce from him.
Uthara’s dad and mom had given 100 sovereigns of gold and Rs1 million in money as dowry.
Uthara’s case is being heard in court docket.
2021: Priyanka harassed
Final month, Kerala police arrested late Malayalam actor Rajan P. Dev’s son Unni Dev on prices of abetment of suicide and cruelty in the direction of his spouse Priyanka.
Following the loss of life of Priyanka, her household alleged that Unni used to harass and bodily assault her asking for extra dowry.
In the meantime, Shahida Kamal, one other Girls’s Fee member, instructed Gulf Information that “they’re convening an pressing assembly tonight three such deaths have been reported in 24 hours.”
In certainly one of them, a younger girl was discovered useless with burn accidents in her husband’s home at Venganoor in Thiruvananthapuram.
Archana, 24, was discovered useless and family members allege foul play. Archana’s husband Suresh has been taken into custody following the incident.
The loss of life occurred on Monday at about 11pm at a rented place the place Archana and Suresh lived.
Archana’s family members had instructed tv channels that Suresh’s family members had approached them for extra dowry.
Moreover, the mysterious loss of life of a 19-year-old married girl in Alappuzha has additionally been reported within the media.
What does the regulation say?
■ The federal government has tried to fight the rising incidence of dowry deaths by enacting numerous legal guidelines.
■ The Dowry Prohibition Act of 1961 was the federal government’s first effort. This act was amended twice to extend its effectiveness – in 1984 and 1986.
■ The 1986 amendments require the police and a judicial Justice of the Peace to analyze each unnatural loss of life of a lady married for lower than seven years. Presently, the Act prohibits the “giving, taking, or demanding of dowry.”
■ The Act defines “dowry” as property that’s given or agreed to be given to a newlywed by the opposite newlywed or both set of oldsters “in reference to the wedding.”
■ Violations of the Act are “punishable with a time period of imprisonment between six months and two years, plus a effective of as much as Rs10,000 or the worth of the dowry, whichever is increased.
■ Along with criminalising dowry, the Indian Parliament has criminalised dowry-related violence towards girls. The Indian Penal Code, amended in 1983, outlaws dowry-related cruelty by the husband and his family members.
■ The Penal Code was additional amended in 1986 to explicitly present that dowry deaths are punishable with imprisonment between seven years and life.
■ Moreover, the Legal Process Code now mandates a police investigation into deaths of girls below suspicious circumstances that happen inside seven years of marriage.
■ The Parliament additionally amended the Indian Proof Act, which now creates a presumption of dowry loss of life every time a lady is subjected to dowry-related cruelty or harassment quickly earlier than her loss of life.
Cruelty by husbands
In the meantime, Kerala police Crime Information Bureau statistics reveal that there have been six dowry deaths in 2019 and 2020. The bureau provides that 2020 knowledge is provisional.
The identical knowledge reveals that there have been 2,715 instances recorded below cruelty by husbands and family members in 2020 (provisional) and this yr as much as April, 1,080 instances have been recorded.
Girls’s Fee member Shivaji stated COVID-19 induced lockdowns are resulting in extra instances of home violence.
“The variety of SOS calls we’re getting are excessive, in comparison with 2019 and 2020,” she stated.
Boys ought to be taught to say no to dowry. Mother and father also needs to perceive the ills of dowry. We want a re-education.
– Shiji Sivaji, Member of Kerala Girls’s Fee
Shivaji added that re-education is required in Kerala society.
“Boys ought to be taught to say no to dowry. Mother and father also needs to perceive the ills of dowry. So, we’d like a re-education,” she added.
Kerala Director Basic of Police Loknath Behra instructed the media that Harshita Attaluri IPS, Inspector Basic of Police, might be probing the case.
“We might be strengthening the ladies’s safety in Kerala,” he added.
Mini Mohan, a Kerala-based psychologist, instructed Gulf Information, that suicide not often occurs with out warning.
“Mother and father, family members, and associates will have the ability to see indicators in particular person, hear about them second hand, or see them on-line in social media. By no means ignore these indicators,” she stated.
Mini stated that whereas suicide is usually related to the ache of psychological sickness (specifically despair and related emotions of helplessness and hopelessness), there are generally particular conditions that set off suicidal actions experiencing abuse, loss, or different trauma.
“It is very important be taught these warning indicators and what to do in case you see any of them in your self or a buddy. Suicide is preventable. By listening, speaking, and appearing you could possibly save a life,” she added.
– Rejimon Kuttappan is a senior journalist primarily based in Kerala.