Europe skilled its hottest 12 months on file final 12 months, whereas the Arctic suffered a summer season of maximum wildfires partly resulting from low snow cowl as local weather change impacts intensified, the European Union’s remark service says.
As world leaders ready to brandish their plans to struggle local weather change at a US-led summit on Thursday, EU scientists issued a stark reminder that the impacts of a hotter world are already right here.
Europe’s common annual temperature in 2020 was the very best on file and no less than 0.4 levels Celsius above the following 5 warmest years — all of which came about within the final decade, the Copernicus Earth remark service stated.
“Temperatures are rising in all seasons in Europe,” stated Freja Vamborg, senior scientist at Copernicus.
It was the most well liked winter on file, at 3.4 levels Celsius above the common European winter temperature seen throughout 1981-2020. Climate is extra variable in winter, so excessive temperatures are likely to play out most starkly in that season.
It was additionally Europe’s warmest autumn, whereas summer season heatwaves weren’t as intense or extended as lately, regardless of pockets of record-breaking warmth in locations together with Scandinavia and France.
In the meantime, the Arctic noticed a “spectacular 12 months”, Vamborg stated, pointing to a summer season of record-breaking wildfires in Arctic Siberia, which had been exacerbated by excessive temperatures and lower-than-average snow cowl.
The typical temperature in Arctic Siberia final 12 months broke data by a big margin at 4.3 levels Celsius above the 1981-2020 common.
Globally, Copernicus Earth stated 2020 was one of many world’s three hottest years on file, confirming findings launched this week by the World Meteorological Organisation.
The EU on Wednesday set a goal to slash emissions quicker this decade, and america is anticipated to do the identical on Thursday, mountain climbing the stress on nations together with China and India.
At present, nations’ mixed pledges fall far wanting the speedy emissions cuts scientists say are wanted to restrict warming to 1.5 levels above pre-industrial ranges and stave off essentially the most extreme impacts of local weather change.