Beijing: China is planning a mega dam in Tibet capable of produce triple the electrical energy generated by the Three Gorges – the world’s largest energy station – stoking fears amongst environmentalists and in neighbouring India.
The construction will span the Brahmaputra River earlier than the waterway leaves the Himalayas and flows into India, straddling the world’s longest and deepest canyon at an altitude of greater than 4,900 toes.
The undertaking in Tibet’s Medog County is predicted to dwarf the record-breaking Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River in central China, and is billed as capable of produce 300 billion kilowatts of electrical energy annually.
It’s talked about in China’s strategic 14th 5-12 months Plan, unveiled in March at an annual rubber-stamp congress of the nation’s high lawmakers.
However the plan was quick on particulars, a timeframe or funds.
The river, often called the Yarlung Tsangpo in Tibetan, can be residence to 2 different initiatives far upstream, whereas six others are within the pipeline or below building.
The “super-dam” nevertheless is in a league of its personal.
Final October, the Tibet native authorities signed a “strategic cooperation settlement” with PowerChina, a public building firm specialising in hydroelectric initiatives.
A month later the top of PowerChina, Yan Zhiyong, partially unveiled the undertaking to the Communist Youth League, the youth wing of China’s ruling occasion.
Passionate about “the world’s richest area by way of hydroelectric assets”, Yan defined that the dam would draw its energy from the large drop of the river at this explicit part.
‘Actually unhealthy concept’
Beijing could justify the huge undertaking as an environmentally-friendly various to fossil fuels, but it surely dangers frightening sturdy opposition from environmentalists in the identical method because the Three Gorges Dam, constructed between 1994 and 2012.
The Three Gorges created a reservoir and displaced 1.4 million inhabitants upstream.
“Constructing a dam the dimensions of the super-dam is probably going a very unhealthy concept for a lot of causes,” mentioned Brian Eyler, power, water and sustainability program director on the Stimson Centre, a US assume tank.
Apart from being identified for seismic exercise, the realm additionally incorporates a singular biodiversity. The dam would block the migration of fish in addition to sediment circulate that enriches the soil throughout seasonal floods downstream, mentioned Eyler.
There are each ecological and political dangers, famous Tempa Gyaltsen Zamlha, an environmental coverage specialist on the Tibet Coverage Institute, a assume tank linked to the Tibetan government-in-exile primarily based in Dharamshala, India.
“We’ve got a really wealthy Tibetan cultural heritage in these areas, and any dam building would trigger ecological destruction, submergence of elements of that area,” he informed AFP.
“Many native residents could be pressured to depart their ancestral properties,” he mentioned, including that the undertaking will encourage migration of Han Chinese language employees that “step by step turns into a everlasting settlement”.
New Delhi can be nervous by the undertaking.
The Chinese language Communist Celebration is successfully able to manage the origins of a lot of South Asia’s water provide, analysts say.
“Water wars are a key element of such warfare as a result of they permit China to leverage its upstream Tibet-centred energy over probably the most important pure useful resource,” wrote political scientist Brahma Chellaney final month within the Instances of India.
The dangers of seismic exercise would additionally make it a “ticking water bomb” for residents downstream, he warned.
In response to the dam concept, the Indian authorities has floated the prospect of constructing one other dam on the Brahmaputra to shore up its personal water reserves.
“There’s nonetheless a lot time to barter with China about the way forward for the super-dam and its impacts,” mentioned Eyler.
“A poor consequence would see India construct a dam downstream.”
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