Most international locations are underneath extreme pressures, each inner and exterior, to tighten their tax legal guidelines and stop their abuse or misuse. One important situation is on the coronary heart of this downside is the power of people and corporates to maneuver incomes or residential standing to decrease tax jurisdictions and cut back their total taxes.
India has now taken a step to forestall such a shifting of the tax base. The nation has launched provisions that purpose at taxing residents who’re both stateless or not ‘liable to tax’ in every other nation. In easy phrases, India has launched provisions aimed toward these people who have been staying out of India to keep away from being a tax resident of India and concurrently staying in different international locations whereas not qualifying as residents there. Or qualifying as residents in international locations that impose no taxes.
Whereas these ‘anti-abuse’ provisions are aimed toward these people who have been arranging their affairs to make sure they pay little or no taxes in India, the amendments may have sure unintended penalties.
Getting caught in tax web
The provisions regarding the dedication of the residential standing of an individual for tax functions in India has been amended with impact from April 1, 2021. The brand new provisions lead to an Indian citizen who has revenue from Indian sources in extra of 1.5 million rupees being handled as a ‘resident’ in India if she or he isn’t ‘liable to tax’ in every other nation by cause of domicile.
The time period ‘liable to tax’ has been outlined. That’s the place the unintended affect lies. The time period has been now outlined to imply “that there’s an income-tax legal responsibility on such individual underneath the regulation of that nation in the intervening time in power”.
It’s fascinating to notice that there is no such thing as a exclusion for these international locations that don’t impose any revenue tax – such because the UAE. In gentle of this, an individual who’s a resident of the UAE could be thought-about as an individual who’s ‘not liable to tax’ overseas by residence (UAE) and, therefore, making her or him a resident of India.
Usually, residents of India are liable to tax on their international revenue in India. Nonetheless, in case of these individuals deemed to be residents because of this clause shall be topic to a special therapy. Their international revenue wouldn’t be taxed in India.
Nonetheless, submit the above modification, revenue earned by such non-residents that accrue or come up in UAE however from a enterprise/occupation managed from India or arrange in India might turn out to be liable to tax in India, which earlier was not the case. This might additionally affect firms who’re considered fiscally clear as per the native tax legal guidelines governing them, or are located in a rustic the place there are not any company or private taxes (UAE, Saudi Arabia, and many others.).
Not on salaries
The modification neither seeks to affect salaries earned by non-residents Indians within the UAE nor different revenue sourced within the UAE (offered it’s not arising from a enterprise managed in or a occupation arrange in India).
The Finance Minister of India not too long ago clarified this very particularly in an interplay on social media and the finance ministry has additionally issued a clarification to this impact.
Given the slender spectrum of this new definition, there could possibly be a number of conditions the place a non-resident will not be considered ‘liable to tax’ within the nation of residence and thus be handled as a resident of India. It might subsequently be crucial to revisit enterprise fashions/working buildings and make applicable modifications to not get caught on this if the intent was by no means to keep away from taxes in India by managing the residential standing.
That is crucial for these people who’re working companies exterior India and have by no means had tax as consideration for deciding their nation of residence.