(from the CIA World Factbook)
Space: 187,437 sq km
Inhabitants: 20,384,316 (July 2021 est.)
Median age: 23.5 years previous
Ethnic Teams: Arab 50%, Alawite 15%, Kurd 10%, Levantine 10%, different 15% (consists of Druze, Ismaili, Imami, Nusairi, Assyrian, Turkoman, Armenian)
Faith: Muslim 87% (official; consists of Sunni 74% and Alawi, Ismaili, and Shia 13%), Christian 10% (consists of Orthodox, Uniate, and Nestorian), Druze 3%, Jewish (few remaining in Damascus and Aleppo)
Unemployment: 50% (2017 est.)
1517-1918 – A part of the Ottoman Empire.
1920 – The League of Nations places Syria below French management.
April 17, 1946 – Independence is asserted after French troops go away the nation.
1949-1958 – A sequence of coups results in instability within the nation.
February 1, 1958 – Syria and Egypt merge, creating the United Arab Republic.
September 28, 1961 – Syria secedes from the United Arab Republic.
1967 – Syria loses the Golan Heights to Israel through the Six Day Warfare.
November 13, 1970 – Minister of Protection Hafez al-Assad phases a cold coup.
1976-2005 – Roughly 17,000 Syrian troops are stationed in neighboring Lebanon.
December 29, 1979-present – Syria seems on the US State Department’s list of state sponsors of terrorism.
June 10, 2000 – Hafez al-Assad dies.
July 10, 2000 – Bashar al-Assad is elected president by referendum, profitable 97% of the vote. He’s reelected in 2007.
March 2011-present – Civil war in Syria begins. Violence flares in Daraa after a gaggle of teenagers and kids are arrested for writing political graffiti. Dozens of individuals are killed when safety forces crack down on demonstrations. The United Nations estimates that at least 400,000 people have been killed in Syria, because the starting of the civil struggle.
January 22, 2014 – On the Geneva II conference, US Secretary of State John Kerry says the path to a peaceful Syria must involve the world community, but cannot include Assad.
June 3, 2014 – President Assad is reelected, receiving 88.7% of the vote within the nation’s first election since civil struggle broke out in 2011. The election is criticized by opposition teams and lots of Western international locations.
September 22-23, 2014 – The United States and allies launch airstrikes against ISIS targets in Syria for the primary time.
April 6, 2017 – The United States launches a military strike on a Syrian government airbase in response to chemical weapon assault on civilians days prior.
October 26, 2017 – A joint report from the United Nations and worldwide chemical weapons inspectors finds that the Assad regime was accountable for an April 2017 sarin assault that killed greater than 80 folks. Syria has repeatedly denied it had something to do with the assault and in addition denies it has any chemical weapons.
April 13, 2018 – The US, UK and France launch strikes against targets at three sites in Syria following every week of threats of retaliation for an alleged chemical weapons attack on civilians in the Damascus enclave of Douma.
July 22, 2019 – An American woman in Syria releases a video interesting to US President Donald Trump to take motion in opposition to the Syrian regime, after an airstrike within the rebel-held northwestern province of Idlib claimed scores of casualties.
October 6, 2019 – The White House announces a major shift in US foreign policy. US forces in northern Syria will pull back in advance of a planned Turkish military offensive against Kurdish forces – who had been a key ally of the US within the combat in opposition to ISIS.
October 9, 2019 – Turkey begins its planned military offensive into northeastern Syria, launching airstrikes and artillery fire across the border. The times that comply with result in studies in regards to the displacement of individuals from the realm and the opportunity of ISIS prisoners escaping.
October 14, 2019 – Dealing with a Turkish army offensive, Kurdish forces strike a deal with the Syrian government, marking a serious shift within the nation’s eight-year struggle. As a part of the brand new alliance, items from the Syrian military reportedly arrive in northern cities to deploy troops alongside the whole lot of the Syria-Turkey border. The next day, Russia confirms it brokered the initial talks between Turkey and the Kurdish forces. It has additionally begun patrolling a contact line between Syrian and Turkish forces, in accordance with a press release from Russia’s Protection Ministry.
October 17, 2019 – US Vice President Mike Pence publicizes in Turkey that he and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan have agreed to halt Turkey’s incursion into northern Syria. As a part of the association, Kurdish forces will cede a few of their territory, with one senior US official telling CNN that the deal meant the US was “validating what Turkey did and permitting them to annex a portion of Syria and displace the Kurdish inhabitants.”
October 21, 2019 – At a press convention in Afghanistan, US Secretary of Protection Mark Esper says US troops within the south will stay in Syria partly to guard oil fields from ISIS. Different US troops will withdraw from northern Syria in “weeks, not days.” 4 days later, he reiterates that “the United States will maintain a reduced presence in Syria to deny ISIS access to oil revenue as we reposition for the next phase of the Defeat-ISIS campaign.”
October 22, 2019 – Erdogan and Russian President Vladimir Putin unveil a 10-point shared agenda shaping the end of Syria’s civil war. Putin says Russia and Turkey comply with uphold the “sovereignty and territorial integrity” of Syria. The previously US-backed Kurdish fighters should withdraw from the cities of Manbij and Tal Rifaat.
November 18, 2020 – Israel’s military carries out a series of strikes on targets in Syria, together with a website on the Damascus Worldwide Airport used as Iranian headquarters, following the invention of improvised explosive units planted within the Golan Heights, in accordance with the Israel Protection Forces.
December 22, 2020 – The Trump administration announces it is imposing new sanctions on 18 individuals and entities – together with President Assad’s spouse, Asma, and a few of her rapid kin, the commander of the Syrian army intelligence, the Central Financial institution of Syria and shut advisers to Assad – in an effort to harm Assad economically and draw him again to the negotiating desk to discover a answer to the Syrian battle.