Jean-Claude Carrière, an creator, playwright and screenwriter who collaborated with the director Luis Buñuel on a string of vital movies and went on to work on scores of different films, amongst them Philip Kaufman’s “The Insufferable Lightness of Being” (1988), died on Monday at his house in Paris. He was 89.
The loss of life was confirmed by his daughter Kiara Carrière. No trigger was given.
Mr. Carrière had barely began within the film enterprise when he met Buñuel, the Spanish-born director, in 1963 (though he had already received a short-subject Oscar for a 1962 comedy he made with Pierre Étaix, “Comfortable Anniversary”).
“On the time, he was on the lookout for a younger French screenwriter who knew the French countryside effectively,” Mr. Carrière recalled in a 1983 interview with the author Jason Weiss.
“I used to be a newbie,” he stated. “I had gone to Cannes, and he was seeing numerous screenwriters there. I had lunch with him, we bought alongside effectively, and three weeks later he selected me and I left for Madrid. Since then I haven’t stopped.”
His first mission with Buñuel was “Diary of a Chambermaid” (1964), for which the 2 tailored the Octave Mirbeau novel of the identical title. Mr. Carrière continued to work with Buñuel for the remainder of the director’s profession, together with on his final function, “That Obscure Object of Want,” in 1977. (Buñuel died in 1983.)
“Very often the screenwriter has to guess what precisely the movie is that the director needs to make,” Mr. Carrière informed Interview magazine in 2015. “Typically the director doesn’t even know himself. You must assist him discover the suitable factor. That was the case with Buñuel. In the beginning, he was wanting round in many various instructions, and eventually after we went the suitable means, we felt it.”
Mr. Carrière additionally collaborated with different high filmmakers, together with Jacques Deray (on the 1969 film “The Swimming Pool” and extra) and Louis Malle (on the 1967 movie “The Thief of Paris” and others). Within the 1970s one in all his best successes was as a author of Volker Schlondorff’s “The Tin Drum” (1979), which was tailored from the Günter Grass novel a couple of boy who, within the midst of the gathering chaos that led to World Battle II, decides to not develop up; it received the Oscar for greatest foreign-language movie.
Within the 1980s he wrote or co-wrote the screenplays for Daniel Vigne’s “The Return of Martin Guerre” (1982), Andrzej Wajda’s “Danton” (1983), Milos Forman’s “Valmont” (1989) and quite a few different films. Among the many most up-to-date of his greater than 150 movie and tv credit have been “The Artist and the Mannequin,” a 2012 drama directed by Fernando Trueba, and “At Eternity’s Gate,” a 2018 movie about Vincent van Gogh directed by Julian Schnabel.
In 2014 Mr. Carrière obtained an honorary Oscar for his physique of labor. The quotation stated that his “elegantly crafted screenplays elevate the artwork of screenwriting to the extent of literature.”
The prolific Mr. Carrière additionally wrote books and performs, typically collaborating with the stage director Peter Brook. His pursuits knew no bounds.
With Mr. Brook he created “The Mahabharata,” a nine-hour stage model of the Sanskrit epic, which was staged on the Avignon Theater Competition in France in 1985 after which made into a film. He as soon as wrote a ebook with the Dalai Lama (“The Energy of Buddhism,” 1996). He wrote a novel known as “Please, Mr. Einstein” that, as Dennis Overbye wrote in a 2006 evaluate in The New York Occasions, “touches down flippantly and charmingly on among the thorniest philosophical penalties of Einstein’s genius and, by extension, the scientific preoccupations of the 20th century — the character of actuality, the destiny of causality, the comprehensibility of nature, the bounds of the thoughts.”
His was intentionally ever curious.
“Folks say I’m very dispersed,” he informed The Guardian in 1994. “However I say that to move from one topic to a different, from one nation to a different, is what retains me alive, retains me alert.”
Jean-Claude Carrière was born on Sept. 17, 1931, in Colombières-sur-Orb in southern France, right into a household of vintners. As World Battle II was ending in 1945, his father, who had a coronary heart situation that was making it tough for him to work the land, took a job at a cousin’s cafe close to Paris. There Jean-Claude had entry to raised colleges and will indulge extra absolutely within the ardour for writing that had, as he put it, “imposed itself on me” since he was a younger boy.
In his mid-20s he printed a novel, “Le Lézard.” It caught the eye of the comedian actor and director Jacques Tati, who offered Mr. Carrière with a form of backward entry into his profession: Mr. Tati employed him to write down novels primarily based on a few of his films. He additionally launched him to the method of creating and enhancing a movie.
He and Mr. Étaix collectively wrote and directed “Comfortable Anniversary,” a comic book quick a couple of couple making an attempt to have a good time their anniversary. Mr. Carrière was stunned by the Oscar.
“I got here to the workplace and the producer was leaping out of pleasure: ‘We’ve the Oscar! We’ve the Oscar!,’” he informed Interview. “I requested, ‘However what’s the Oscar?’ I didn’t know.”
His household background benefited him in his fateful assembly with Buñuel the following yr.
“The primary query he requested me after we sat down collectively on the desk — and it’s not a light-weight or frivolous query; the way in which he checked out me I sensed that it was a deep and vital query — was, ‘Do you drink wine?’” he informed Mr. Weiss.
“A destructive response would have undoubtedly disqualified me,” he continued. “So I stated, ‘Not solely do I drink wine, however I produce it. I’m from a household of vintners.’”
Their bond thus sealed, Buñuel and Mr. Carrière went on to collaborate not solely on “Diary of a Chambermaid” but in addition on “Belle de Jour” (1967), “The Discreet Attraction of the Bourgeoisie” (1972) and different movies.
In 1971 Mr. Carrière was among the many writers on Mr. Forman’s “Taking Off,” a comedy about dad and mom looking for a runaway daughter that obtained good notices. The identical was not true of the following Carrière-Forman partnership, a Broadway manufacturing of Mr. Carrière’s two-character play “The Little Black E-book,” with Mr. Forman directing. When it opened in April 1972, Clive Barnes, reviewing in The Occasions, called it “a silly little play with out both wit or humanity.” It closed after seven performances.
His solely different Broadway effort was higher obtained. It was “La Tragedie de Carmen,” which he, Marius Fixed and Mr. Brook tailored from the Bizet opera, with Mr. Brook directing. It opened in November 1983 and ran for 187 performances.
Mr. Carrière was nominated for writing Oscars for “The Discreet Attraction of the Bourgeoisie,” “That Obscure Object of Want” and “The Insufferable Lightness of Being.”
Info on survivors was not instantly accessible.
Mr. Brook as soon as defined what made Mr. Carrière such an in-demand author, whether or not the job was creating authentic materials, adapting a novel or opera, or reining in an epic poem.
“Like an excellent actor, or an excellent cameraman, he adapts himself to totally different individuals he works with,” Mr. Brook informed The Occasions in 1988. “He’s open to all shifts brought on by the fabric altering, and but he brings to it a really highly effective and constant viewpoint.”
Aurelien Breeden contributed reporting from Paris.