The room was dimly lit, illuminated solely by a weak yellow mild bulb and the flames from the hearth. A small group of women and men, clutching the holy icons of Greek Orthodox saints, was dancing and twirling across the ground underneath the sound of the devices: a Thracian lyre, a gaida, a tambourine. The dancers, surrendering to the music, had their eyes closed.
Everybody sang collectively:
Constantine the little one, little Constantine,
His mom had him, she took care of him whereas he was very younger,
A message got here for him to go to warfare,
He saddles and horseshoes his horse within the night time,
He places silver petals, golden nails and a pearl on the saddle.
Their voices carried exterior into the wet streets. Some time later, in a type of an ecstasy, they started strolling barefoot on burning coals.
Annually on Might 21, the Greek Orthodox Church celebrates Saint Constantine and Saint Helen. Within the small village of Lagadas, about half an hour exterior Thessaloniki in northern Greece, the celebrations final for 3 days and embody a spectacular fire-walking ritual known as Anastenaria, the phrase for which derives from the Greek “anastasi,” that means resurrection.
In 2016 I traveled to northern Greece to fulfill a few of the individuals who preserve these traditions.
The household and shut associates of Anastasios Gaintatzis are a few of the final remaining members. Mr. Gaintatzis, who’s 85, is without doubt one of the oldest hearth walkers within the nation. His household, who as soon as lived in what’s right this moment the Bulgarian city of Kosti, in japanese Thrace, arrived in Lagadas in 1923, after the compulsory population exchange between Greece and Turkey.
The individuals gathered right here have been members of a membership fashioned by the Gaintatzis household in 1994 to assist perpetuate the native fire-walking traditions.
Ethnographers consider that the ritual has its roots within the historical Greek celebrations of Dionysus — and that, via the years, the pagan traditions have melded with Orthodox rites.
Others consider in a neighborhood legend that attributes the origins of the ceremony to when the church of Constantine and Helen caught hearth in Kosti, many lots of of years in the past. In keeping with lore, the voices of the saints have been heard pleading for assist contained in the church. Villagers entered the flaming constructing to rescue the saints’ icons, and, once they got here out, neither the rescuers nor the icons have been harmed. They’d been protected against the fireplace by the saints.
The Anastenaria ritual begins on the konaki, a particular shrine devoted to the saints, the place the icons are positioned among the many amanetia (pink handkerchiefs which can be thought of sacred by the fireplace walkers) and different tributes.
Then the musicians arrive and the celebration begins.
The hearth-walking ceremony is often carried out exterior, however in 2016 a heavy rainfall compelled the occasion indoors.
One of many group members positioned massive items of wooden on the hearth and, by the point sizzling coals had fashioned, everyone was prepared to start. The celebrants eliminated the carpet, scattered the burning coal on the bottom and, one after the other, began strolling on it, barefoot, with closed eyes, virtually drunk with the feelings of the second.
Some members walked slowly, others extra rapidly. They adopted the rhythm of the music. I attempted to pay shut consideration to their faces. They confirmed no indicators of ache or inconvenience. Actually they appeared fairly calm and peaceable.
When the primary batch of coal had cooled, a second batch was introduced out from the hearth, and the ceremony continued unabated.
Whilst a spectator, I felt a swell of emotion whereas watching the fireplace walkers — and maybe even the deep thriller and divinity of the second.
The Anastenaria rituals in Lagadas often entice dozens of individuals from the encompassing space, however on the primary day the poor climate saved most guests away. The next two days, nonetheless, after the rain stopped, many individuals got here to look at — and this time the fire-walking pit was arrange in an out of doors space close to the konaki, offered to the celebrants by the municipality.
Steel boundaries have been organized in a big circle to maintain the viewers secure, and within the heart members of the group lit an enormous hearth on a pile of wooden. As night time fell, individuals gathered round to look at. When the fireplace walkers and the musicians left the konaki, it was already pitch black exterior. All of the lights within the space went off, and the one factor you can see was the burning coal. The group stared in silence as the fireplace walkers rushed onto the embers.
After the celebration, the members of the group gathered again on the konaki and ate sizzling bowls of soup to assist push back the chilly climate. They supplied a bowl to me, too. Quickly everybody had departed apart from Anastasios Gaintatzis.
Mr. Gaintatzis has lengthy tried to maintain the customized alive by bringing new members of the family and shut associates into the fold every time doable. Nevertheless it’s not a straightforward process, he mentioned.
“It’s one thing that may’t be taught,” he informed me. “It’s the saints who name you.”